Edtech 521 Reflection Week 10

Quotes from Reading Class Tasks and Activities
Rice Chpt 8 – Learners with Special Needs
Differentiating instruction based on learner needs.  (Rice 218)
1. Tier 1 – accommodations and modifications of curriculum that teachers can do
2. Tier 2 – more specialized and research based; co-teachers or counselors provide assistance
3. Tier 3 – use of assistive technologies; must be approved of Individualized Education Program and 504 plan
Difficulties that learners have.
1. Difficulties with Reception – receiving audio/visual information to stick in their brains
2. Difficulties with Oral and Written Expression – hard to express their ideas/use information they acquired
3. Difficulties with Attention – easily distracted; hard to focus
For each of the difficulties, teachers can apply different strategies to alleviate problems. 
Universal Design for Learning in consideration of learner difficulties (Rice 225):
1. Find different ways for students to receive the information; multiple means of representation.
Add glossary
Text captions
Text to speech
Highlight key elements in text; use graphics
Scaffold the learning or activities
Outlines or graphic organizers
Interactive simulations

2. Allow different ways for students to express themselves to show that they understand the material.
Multiple ways of interacting with materials (hand, voice, keyboard)
Multiple ways to compose (text, speech, images, video, music, animation)
Use goals and checklists
Guided questions for self-monitoring

3. Find ways to keep students engaged; students are motivated and engaged in different ways.
Give students choices
Create authentic situations or outcomes.
Contextualize learning to the students’ interests or lives
Let students explore and experiment
Prompts and reminders to promote independence and self regulation
“Reading Example” video added captions through YouTube. 
Ways to Apply UDL Principles in Lesson Revision
1. Multiple Means of Representation
Add captions to video
Highlight key words in video
Use graphics
Scaffold lesson by first using and setting up YouTube account
2. Allow different ways to express understanding
Use video to record speaking
Create question and record a student asking the question
Take pictures, arrange along a timeline and describe each of the pictures
Use an avatar software to animate answer
Pair work and describe and guess each others avatar
Pair work, create a mini-debate; post on a discussion board through writing
Use GoAnimate to create a dialog
Add self-monitoring questions in the assignment  which follows the rubric
3. Keeping students engaged
This is a neat feature addressing learners and viewers with special needs and very easy to add.  Choose the “drop down arrow” next to Edit to access caption options. 
Week 10 Continue Lesson Revision considering learners with special needs
Define the word “predict” prior to reading the article.  Ask students what things will be like in future.  Show images of objects for the past, present and possible future.
Highlight key words in the speaking example. 
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