Based on learning theories and the pedagogical approaches (Instructivist, Constructivist, and Connectivist), as presented in the book, which pedagogical approach or approaches do you feel would be more appropriate to use in your instructional design project and why? Please, make a short introduction of your project to understand better your instructional decisions.
An instructional design project that I am exploring involves having the students use the application PowToon to make a video as an extension of their reading assignment. In the class students read a story which has a central idea of a problem and a solution. Students use the theme to create a storyboard and make a video. The students are South Korean middle school second language learners who study privately online after school.
This project uses a combination of Instructivist and Constructivist pedagogical approaches. A Constructivist approach engages the student through problem solving in authentic situations. For this project students will think about authentic topics and deliver a message in a multimedia format. Prior to using PowToon students will discuss and share their opinions of the common problems they experience in their daily lives and think through the problem and develop appropriate solutions. My guess is that these will be related to school, friends, and home but I may find them to be different from my assumptions. A difference in culture may lead to additional surprises. The project will give students the opportunity to work on an authentic task through the creation of a presentation using PowToon. Students can view examples of work done by others to see how people are using this tool in an environment outside of school. Constructivism promotes the idea of multiple perspectives. Although this lesson has students learning, practicing, and completing the task individually, students will still have the opportunity to view the ideas of others and share the finished product with classmates.
Because the lesson will be taught individually, it requires a lot input from the teacher. It helps to personalize the instruction and stresses key ideas from the Instructivist approach. The instructor “presents content, monitors, and guides learner performance in a practice environment, and provides feedback.” The instructor will need to scaffold this project into manageable chunks. First by leading the discussion to get students thinking about topics and exploring solutions. The instructor should show examples, share classmates’ ideas, and provide website links to encourage students to explore outside sources. The introduction of the multimedia tool will also likely need to be divided into sections depending on the needs and prior knowledge of the students. At the very least the instructor will need to consider how to explain the tool and process for second language learners: the program interface, the steps for creating the video, possible mini-tasks within the program, and an example of a finished video.